Search

AFEK-ANTIPATRUS AND MIGDAL TZEDEK – FROM ANCIENT EGYPTIANS TO ISRAEL INDEPENDENCE WAR

3,000 years ago a great road connecting the Pharaohs Egypt with the Kingdoms of Akkad and Schumer used to pass here. Powerful citadels were built along this road, with governors' palaces, towns and villages.

Thousand years later, 2,000 years ago, this road got a name "Via Maritime" – Sea-side highway. Actually, the Mediterranean Sea is some 20 miles to the West from here, but it was impossible to cross huge swamps in the area which is great Tel Aviv today, in a close vicinity to the Sea. And therefore Via Maritime had to pass much further to the East, bypassing the deadly swamps.

At the Roman times two great projects were created here – at the Western side of the road King Herod built a beautiful small town with a rather modest residence and a cozy theater for some 50 people – the Odeon, as the Romans used to call it. He called this town by the name of his father – Antipatrus. At the Eastern side of the road Herod allies, the Romans used an ancient small citadel to build a new fort