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CHRISTIAN PIONEERS OF THE HOLY LAND

I will restore the fortunes of Judah and the fortunes of Israel

And will rebuild them as they were at first.

Jeremiah 33:7 As a tour guide, I love taking my tourists to see American and German colonies at Tel Aviv – beautiful American and European houses of the XIX Century in the middle of the bustling modern Tel Aviv.

We also often travel to a former German village of Wilhelma, to enjoy a great meal with a glass of a perfect local wine at the old German farm house.

On a way to the Tiberias Lake it is worthwhile to make a short detour to visit Ilaniya, also known by its old name Sejera – a place where Russian Old Orthodox families, collectively converted to Judaism, built the first prospering agricultural colony at Galilee. Who have been and all these people who were the first to settle the Holy Land?


An American Story

Pastor George Adams from the State of Maine took this idea even far further. He and his 157 followers piled their wooden homes on a board of “Nellie Chapin” three-mast ship and undertook a long journey to Palestine. Here, in September 1866, at the suburbs of Jaffa, they reassembled their houses to start a new and exemplary life of the Holy Land Redeemers. It will take almost twenty years, until the first Jewish Zionist settlers will come to Palestine to start building their villages here.


The First American House

But as it turned out, the zeal alone was not enough. The work was too hard for the farmers from cool and fertile Maine. Malaria, the raids of Bedouins and fast deteriorating leadership of George Adams, contributed to the complete collapse of the moral and the very wish to stay at this unfriendly land. Just after two years, the leftovers of the American settlers left their homes behind on the way back to the US. The houses were sold to the new owners, the Germans. And today the houses built in the USA in mid XIX Century still stand as a reminder of this fascinating story, in the middle of the modern Tel Aviv.


American Colony in Tel Aviv


The Germans are coming

In 1868, two Germans, Pastor Hoffman and a businessman Hardegg led their followers to build a colony at the slopes of Mount Carmel in Haifa. Few years before, yet in Germany, they organized a religious movement calling for the resettlement of the Holy Land. They called it “the Templers”, as they believed that each person, if he is